The story begins with this aircraft ... Airbus 320 neo, an updated version on the A320 series. New generation engines, improved aerodynamic properties, fuel economy and efficiency. The Airbus 320 New updates put Boeing ahead of a huge challenge. To achieve this in record time and at a lower cost, Boeing decided not to build a new aircraft from scratch, but rather to modify and upgrade the Boeing 737 model provided that it bring new competitive characteristics. This is how the Boeing B737 Max was born from the birth of four generations, which is the fastest selling in the history of the company. New engines and lower operating cost, the airlines did not have to invest so much in training the pilots and engineering staff because the new plane maintained the features of its initial structure with better performance.
But this competitive pressure may have been the first step towards two airline catastrophes and a severe blow to Boeing's reputation. Lion Air Flight 610 was a scheduled domestic flight operated by the Indonesian airline Lion Air from Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Jakarta to Depati Amir AirportinPangkal Pinang.
On 29 October 2018, the plane crashed into theJava Sea13 minutes after takeoff, killing all 189 passengers and crew. Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 was a scheduled international flight from Addis Ababa Bole International Airport in Ethiopia to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, Kenya. On 10 March 2019, the aircraft which operated the flight crashed near the town of Bishoftu six minutes after takeoff, killing all 157 people aboard.
Both aircraft were Boeing 737 Max. Two crashes in the space of 6 months. Fingers pointed at design flaws, problems with training and inadequate maintenance. Indonesian investigators said they had detected 9 errors that contributed to the accident. If only one of them was avoided, it may not have happened. Aviation authorities in many countries prevented the Boeing 737 MAX 8 from flying in their airspaces, and Boeing suspended production of the 737 MAX family. Later, it announced the resignation of the company CEO Dennis Muilenburg and promised to restore confidence.
How did the market become restricted to fierce competition between only two companies?More than 100 years ago (1916) American aviation pioneer William Edward Boeing created what would later become the largest airline in the world. The project was named first: the aero product company and later called Boeing. Initially the company was transporting mail and then developed various models of combat aircraft and transportation. The company made great progress after selling US military aircraft during World War I. It deepened ties with the US government during World War II. It revolutionized the world of air travel and shaped the features of commercial jet aircraft. It survived the crisis of the absence of its founder and then his death in 1956 preserved its strength and control on the international scene in light of the emergence and disappearance of other competitors. Airbus, the competitor, was born quite late. When European aircraft manufacturers decided to compete with the Americans, France, Germany and Britain agreed to launch Airbus. Over time, the project was recognized on the market as a strong competitor to Boeing. Gradually, Boeing and Airbus formed different identities, with distinct designs that distinguished each one and was easily noticeable.Boeing, for example, has pointy a nose compared to Airbus nose which is more rounded and bulbous.The cockpit windows on the Boeing aircraft form a sharp angle while on Airbus it is more fluid. Airbus cockpit control is with a side stick similar to that used in video games, while Boeing relies on a dual-grip traditional control column.
In recent years, companies around the world have launched aircraft aimed at breaking the Boeing and Airbus monopoly of the commercial aircraft production market. The most known are:
But the best expectation is that a strong competitor, whatever its expertise is, needs decades to emerge. With overseas that the number of air travelers will double by 2037, to reach 8,2 billion, the future of the commercial airline industry remains in the hands of these two mammoths, even when competition between them intensifies.
The Boeing Company, is an American company founded in 15 July 1916 by William Boeing. The company has many branches and international headquarters, and its main headquarters is located in Chicago, USA. Its factories are located in Seattle.Boeing Aircraft Manufacturing is the largest and most important in this field, especially after it was merged with MacDonald Douglas Automotive in 1997.Boeing has put on the market a number of civilian aircraft such as Boeing 737 series and the Jumbo 747. It receives its support directly from the United States government. The company excels over all its competitors in this huge industrial market except for the airbus company which is owned by the European group.
The company's production and management headquarters are located in Chicago, where former US President George W. Bush delivered his speech on aviation in 2003, pledging to do everything in his power to keep the United States at the forefront of the world's aviation industry, on the occasion of the passage of a century of the first plane experience carried out by Orville et Wilbur Wrightbrothers.
European multinational company, one of the largest aircraft manufacturing and selling companies in the world, the European Defense and Air Industries Group owns 80% of its capital, and the rest is owned by the British company BAE Systems.
Airbus is headquartered in the suburbs of Toulouse, France, with branches in a number of European countries, America, and China.
Airbus was founded on December 18, 1970, and has achieved great successes in the past decades, making it compete for the throne of the largest civilian aircraft producers in the world, as competition intensifies with the American Boeing Company in the forefront of the market of producers and manufacturers in the world.
The most prominent aircraft A380 aircraft: It is a double-decker plane and is the largest civilian aircraft in the world, and four large European countries participated in its production in order to unite efforts to compete with the American aircraft sector, including the Boeing Group.It is almost the largest aircraft in the world, as it is 80 meters long and 24 meters high.Singapore Airlines received the first plane of this type, and later used it by the major airlines in the world, led by the Gulf airlines.Despite the optimism that prevailed with the entry of this model of Airbus aircraft, it became clear after about ten years of service that the double-decker plane was less successful in the commercial sector than the designers expected.Airbus A320: It is a commercial plane used mainly in short and medium trips, it started with two engines, and was designed primarily to compete with the Boeing 737 and McDonnell D80, it is the best-selling Airbus aircraft, and can carry 180 passengers. Global Civil Aviation.
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