Airports are, in essence, a link in the air transport system and they must adapt to its evolution. Their essential missions are the establishment of the infrastructures necessary for air carriers and the planning, organization and management of the interface with other modes of transport.
Three major difficulties make this task complicated:
The deregulation of air transport in the United States has led American companies, in the interests of reducing costs and rationalizing fleets, to reduce the number of direct lines in favor of drawdowns to connecting airports: this is the system in star says hub and spoke. This concept, which has made airport installations more complex, has since developed on major European platforms such as London, Frankfurt and Amsterdam to allow long-haul flights to be supplied with short and medium-haul flights. Some countries are trying to play the card of connecting airports between long-haul flights by taking advantage of the arrival on the market of very large aircraft, Airbus A 380.
In 2019 Singapore won the title of the best airport in the world. This is the second year in a row that Singapore Airport has won first place. The second and third positions are occupied by the airports of Brisbane and Zurich. If the airports of Zurich and Istanbul are still in the classification, they both fell in the classification: the Zurich airport lost a place, when that of Istanbul lost two! On the other hand, the airports of Munich and London climbed in the classification: the Munich airport gained a place when that of London gained 3!Five of the best airports are on the European continent, two others are in Asia. This ranking can give an idea of which country to visit if you want to go through one of the best airports in the world thanks to its friendly staff, its cleanliness, its variety of shops and restaurants or its ease of access.
On January 27, 2019, Ethiopian Airlines inaugurated the expansion of Bole Airport in Addis Ababa. Tewolde GebreMariam, CEO of the Ethiopian Airlines group.The new passenger terminal features state-of-the-art security systems, automatic check-in kiosks, a self-boarding system, as well as lounges and duty-free shops.According to Tewolde GebreMariam, CEO of the Ethiopian Airlines group, "Addis Ababa Airport has already overtaken Dubai Airport by becoming the largest air transport hub between Africa and the rest of the world. This new large terminal is a demonstration of the development of Bole Airport as one of the largest and most practical hubs in the world. "
Ethiopian Airlines, 100% state-owned, plans to build a new airport more suited to its global ambitions. The Airlines CEO, Tewolde GebreMariam, revealed a forecast of 100 million passengers capacity.An airport with the big ambitions of Ethiopian Airlines. Those of becoming a global super connector, like Turkish Airlines or the Gulf companies, and being able to play in the same court as the mega-hubs of Istanbul or Dubai. The schedule is ambitious. The Ethiopian Airlines mega-airport will be built on the Bishoftu site, some 40 kilometers south-east of Addis Ababa, in the Oromia region. It will be able to accommodate some 100 million passengers, slightly more than Dubai (90 million passengers) and half as much as the new Istanbul airport (200 million passengers).
The project in gestation for the past years. Worth $ 5 billion, the new airport will be larger than that of Paris Charles-de-Gaulle.Although the current Bole Airport, at the gates of the capital, is still being expanded, Ethiopian Airlines feels cramped there. Its capacities are limited to 19 million passengers. "Bole Airport will no longer be able to accommodate us. He is very beautiful and very tall, but the way we grow he will quickly become saturated within three to four years, "said Tewolde GebreMariam. The location of the current airport is an obstacle to the development of the carrier. Because of the altitude, the tanks of planes cannot leave full. This forces the aircraft to make a stop on the way, when they operate transatlantic connections.The town of Bishoftu is 1,920 meters above sea level, 400 meters less than Addis Ababa. “By taking off from lower heights, this will result in a huge saving in terms of kerosene consumption.
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